Anders als etwa beim Fußball gibt es beim Cricket keine festgelegte Spielzeit. Ein Spiel kann ein paar Stunden dauern, sich aber auch über. Spieldauer. In der Regel werden zwei Innings ausgetragen. Ein solches ist beendet, wenn die werfende Mannschaft (Bowling. First-Class Cricket: Spiele der höchsten Kategorie, zwei Innings pro Mannschaft, mindestens drei Tage Spieldauer. Limited Overs Cricket.
Kricket – Wie geht das?Doch nun haben indische Geschäftsleute die Regeln vereinfacht, die Spielzeit verkürzt und den Gentleman-Sport damit zum Milliardengeschäft. Cricket und die «Ashes»: Spezielle Kleidung, spezielles Spiel – und spezielle Dauer. Foto: Jason O'Brian (Getty). Alles muss planbar sein. Spieldauer. In der Regel werden zwei Innings ausgetragen. Ein solches ist beendet, wenn die werfende Mannschaft (Bowling.
Cricket Spieldauer Cricket: Das sind die Regeln VideoWario Ware: Smooth Moves - Wario (High Score Run)
The pitch is where the bowler pitcher bowls the ball to the other team's striker batter. Regulation play has the pitch at 22 yards A cricket field doesn't strictly have to be oval according to the rules, but it usually is.
Mark creases. The 2 return creases run parallel to the long edges of the pitch, one on each side, back from the popping crease to the end of the pitch.
The bowling crease runs parallel to the popping crease between the 2 return creases, dividing the area behind the popping crease into 2 rectangular sections.
The bowler must stand at or behind the bowling crease before they bowl. Each end of the pitch is marked off with creases, leaving a rectangle of open space between them on the center of the pitch.
Aside from the boundary marker, the rest of the cricket field is not marked. Set up wickets. A wicket is a structure made from 3 stakes, called stumps, driven into the ground, with 2 cross pieces called bails set on grooves between each pair of them left-center and center-right.
In most cases, a batsman whose wicket loses a bail from being struck with the ball, is out, so defending the wickets is an important part of offensive play.
Wickets should be set Wickets are placed so that the center stump of each wicket is in the center of the bowling crease, with the other two stumps equidistant on either side of it along the crease.
One wicket is set up on each bowling crease, for a total of two on the pitch. Batsmen batters stand in front of their wickets during play.
Part 2 of Recognize the goal of the game. Learn the basics of gameplay. Each team in cricket is comprised of 11 players though an alternate twelfth player may be held in reserve in case of injury, but is not otherwise used for anything.
At any given time, the fielding team has all 11 players on the field, whereas the batting team has 2, called the batsmen.
The batsmen try to hit the ball after it is bowled by the bowler for the fielding team, and then switch positions without getting an out to score runs.
The person who bowls the ball is the bowler, and the batsman who is facing the bowler is called the striker. The other batsman, who stands near the bowler at the far side of the pitch from the striker, is called the non-striker.
Finally, the fielding team member who stands behind the wickets at the striker's end of the field is called the wicket-keeper. Other positions in the field have colloquial names, but none are official.
Understand the structure. Cricket, much like baseball, uses specialized terms to describe each section of the game. Depending on the length of the game to be played, the number of innings varies between 1 and 2 per team.
At the over, the bowler must be replaced with a new bowler. Bowlers can't bowl consecutive overs, but they can rotate back in after at least 1 bowl from another bowler, so theoretically 2 bowlers could trade off bowling for the entire innings.
When there's an over, the position of the bowler changes from one end of the pitch to the other. This also means that the striker can change between overs, depending on which end of the pitch they are on when the over is called.
Strikers also change depending on how many runs are completed, since the bowler doesn't change position except at an over. For example, if only 1 run is completed, the striker and non-striker have switched ends of the pitch, making the non-striker the striker for the next bowl.
Any time a batsman is declared out,they must leave the field and be replaced by a teammate. If the fielding team manages to score 10 outs in an innings, the innings is over, as there are no more batsmen to fill in the second spot on the pitch.
An innings is a single period of gameplay for the entire batting team. In short forms of cricket, a set number of overs are allowed to each team per innings; once that number is reached, the innings ends even if the fielding team hasn't made 10 outs.
In the most prestigious and professional form of cricket, called Test cricket, any number of overs per innings is allowed, meaning that the innings normally only ends once 10 outs are reached.
Once an innings ends, the fielding team and batting team switch roles, and the innings for the fielding now batting team begins.
Test cricket games last a maximum of 5 days, and are played 6 hours a day during that time. The shortest commonly played form of cricket, Twenty20, allows 1 innings per team, with a maximum of 20 overs per innings, and typically takes no more than a few hours to complete.
Recognize the importance of the wickets. Wickets are a central part of cricket. Auch hierbei werden zwei Innings je Mannschaft mit derselben Tageseinteilung wie beim Test Cricket gespielt.
Am bekanntesten ist die englische County Championship Grafschaftsmeisterschaft , die seit ausgetragen wird. Diese neue Art des Crickets erfreute sich schnell wachsender Popularität auch wenn es von Traditionalisten zunächst weitgehend abgelehnt wurde.
Sobald also eines dieser beiden Kriterien erfüllt wird, ist das Innings vorbei. Das äquivalent auf nationaler Ebene oder Spiele von weniger etablierten Nationalmannschaften bezeichnet man als List A Cricket.
Dabei etablierte sich das TwentyCricket , bei dem die Spielabschnitte auf je 20 Over verkürzt werden und eine Maximalspieldauer von 75 Minuten je Innings festgelegt ist.
Ein Cricketspieler benötigt ein Trikot, oft zusätzlich einen Sweater und eine lange Hose. Jeder Schlagmann hat einen Schläger und trägt Schutzausrüstung.
Das wichtigste Schutzbekleidungsstück sind die Pads , die seine Beine vor dem mit einer sehr hohen Wucht auftreffenden Ball schützen.
Einige Spieler tragen darüber hinaus noch einen Schutz für die Arme oder gar einen Brustschutz unter dem Hemd. Bei der Feldmannschaft trägt nur der Wicket Keeper , der immer hinter dem Schlagmann und dessen Wicket steht, eine besondere Ausrüstung.
Keine Nationalmannschaft aus dem deutschsprachigen Raum konnte sich bisher für eine Weltmeisterschaft qualifizieren.
Cricket wird in Deutschland offiziell vom Deutschen Cricket Bund e. Der Ursprung von Cricket in Deutschland lag seinerzeit in Berlin.
Die 1. Der Spielbetrieb in Deutschland ist in einer mehrgleisigen Bundesliga und darunter angesiedelten Regionalligen organisiert.
Cricket wird in der Schweiz offiziell von Cricket Switzerland vertreten. Dem gegründeten Verband gehören zurzeit 20 assoziierte Mitgliedsclubs an sowie eine Schiedsrichtervereinigung.
Aufgrund der Gründung eines konkurrenzierendes Verbandes wurde diese Mitgliedschaft jedoch ausgesetzt, bis der Verband durch eine Mitgliedschaft bei Swiss Olympic als offizieller Cricket-Dachverband anerkannt ist.
Cricket Switzerland veranstaltet im Sommer jeweils eine over-Meisterschaft, die in einer Ost- und Westgruppe plus Finalspiele ausgespielt wird. September gegründet wurde.
In Österreich gibt es aktuell drei Cricket-Grounds, die dem internationalen Standard entsprechen. Heim-Länderspiele der österreichischen Nationalmannschaft finden meistens in Seebarn bei Wien statt.
Cricket ist in zahlreichen Ländern des Commonwealth eine der wichtigsten Sportarten. Dies spiegelt sich in der medialen Aufmerksamkeit wider, aber auch in der politischen und kulturellen Reflexion.
Beispiel dafür ist die Cricket-Diplomatie , bei der der Stellenwert dieses Sports in den Staaten Indien und Pakistan dazu genutzt wurde, diplomatische Fortschritte zu erzielen.
Heute gibt es zwölf Verbände, die als Vollmitglieder des International Cricket Councils anerkannt sind und in dessen Ländern Cricket eine hohe Aufmerksamkeit erfährt, da es die Nationalmannschaften dieser Verbände sind, die an den wichtigsten Wettbewerben des Sports teilnehmen und jeweils Profiligen unterhalten.
Diese Diskussionen führen oft zu Veränderungen des Spiels und dessen Regeln. The bowler 4 intends to hit the wicket 9 with the ball 5 or, at least, to prevent the striker 8 from scoring runs.
The striker 8 intends, by using his bat, to defend his wicket and, if possible, to hit the ball away from the pitch in order to score runs.
Some players are skilled in both batting and bowling, or as either or these as well as wicket-keeping, so are termed all-rounders.
Bowlers are classified according to their style, generally as fast bowlers , seam bowlers or spinners. Batsmen are classified according to whether they are right-handed or left-handed.
Of the eleven fielders, three are in shot in the image above. The other eight are elsewhere on the field, their positions determined on a tactical basis by the captain or the bowler.
Fielders often change position between deliveries, again as directed by the captain or bowler. If a fielder is injured or becomes ill during a match, a substitute is allowed to field instead of him, but the substitute cannot bowl or act as a captain, except in the case of concussion substitutes in international cricket.
Most bowlers are considered specialists in that they are selected for the team because of their skill as a bowler, although some are all-rounders and even specialist batsmen bowl occasionally.
The specialists bowl several times during an innings but may not bowl two overs consecutively. If the captain wants a bowler to "change ends", another bowler must temporarily fill in so that the change is not immediate.
A bowler reaches his delivery stride by means of a "run-up" and an over is deemed to have begun when the bowler starts his run-up for the first delivery of that over, the ball then being "in play".
This type of delivery can deceive a batsman into miscuing his shot, for example, so that the ball just touches the edge of the bat and can then be "caught behind" by the wicket-keeper or a slip fielder.
A spinner will often "buy his wicket" by "tossing one up" in a slower, steeper parabolic path to lure the batsman into making a poor shot.
The batsman has to be very wary of such deliveries as they are often "flighted" or spun so that the ball will not behave quite as he expects and he could be "trapped" into getting himself out.
There are ten ways in which a batsman can be dismissed: five relatively common and five extremely rare. The common forms of dismissal are bowled ,  caught ,  leg before wicket lbw ,  run out  and stumped.
If the batsman is out, the umpire raises a forefinger and says "Out! Batsmen take turns to bat via a batting order which is decided beforehand by the team captain and presented to the umpires, though the order remains flexible when the captain officially nominates the team.
In order to begin batting the batsman first adopts a batting stance. Standardly, this involves adopting a slight crouch with the feet pointing across the front of the wicket, looking in the direction of the bowler, and holding the bat so it passes over the feet and so its tip can rest on the ground near to the toes of the back foot.
A skilled batsman can use a wide array of "shots" or "strokes" in both defensive and attacking mode.
The idea is to hit the ball to the best effect with the flat surface of the bat's blade. If the ball touches the side of the bat it is called an " edge ".
The batsman does not have to play a shot and can allow the ball to go through to the wicketkeeper. Equally, he does not have to attempt a run when he hits the ball with his bat.
Batsmen do not always seek to hit the ball as hard as possible, and a good player can score runs just by making a deft stroke with a turn of the wrists or by simply "blocking" the ball but directing it away from fielders so that he has time to take a run.
A wide variety of shots are played, the batsman's repertoire including strokes named according to the style of swing and the direction aimed: e.
The batsman on strike i. To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the popping crease with either their bats or their bodies the batsmen carry their bats as they run.
Each completed run increments the score of both the team and the striker. The decision to attempt a run is ideally made by the batsman who has the better view of the ball's progress, and this is communicated by calling: usually "yes", "no" or "wait".
More than one run can be scored from a single hit: hits worth one to three runs are common, but the size of the field is such that it is usually difficult to run four or more.
In these cases the batsmen do not need to run. If an odd number of runs is scored by the striker, the two batsmen have changed ends, and the one who was non-striker is now the striker.
Only the striker can score individual runs, but all runs are added to the team's total. Additional runs can be gained by the batting team as extras called "sundries" in Australia due to errors made by the fielding side.
This is achieved in four ways: no-ball , a penalty of one extra conceded by the bowler if he breaks the rules;  wide , a penalty of one extra conceded by the bowler if he bowls so that the ball is out of the batsman's reach;  bye , an extra awarded if the batsman misses the ball and it goes past the wicket-keeper and gives the batsmen time to run in the conventional way;  leg bye , as for a bye except that the ball has hit the batsman's body, though not his bat.
The captain is often the most experienced player in the team, certainly the most tactically astute, and can possess any of the main skillsets as a batsman , a bowler or a wicket-keeper.
Within the Laws, the captain has certain responsibilities in terms of nominating his players to the umpires before the match and ensuring that his players conduct themselves "within the spirit and traditions of the game as well as within the Laws".
The wicket-keeper sometimes called simply the "keeper" is a specialist fielder subject to various rules within the Laws about his equipment and demeanour.
He is the only member of the fielding side who can effect a stumping and is the only one permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards.
Generally, a team will include five or six specialist batsmen and four or five specialist bowlers, plus the wicket-keeper.
The game on the field is regulated by the two umpires , one of whom stands behind the wicket at the bowler's end, the other in a position called "square leg" which is about 15—20 metres away from the batsman on strike and in line with the popping crease on which he is taking guard.
The umpires have several responsibilities including adjudication on whether a ball has been correctly bowled i.
The umpires are authorised to interrupt or even abandon a match due to circumstances likely to endanger the players, such as a damp pitch or deterioration of the light.
Off the field in televised matches, there is usually a third umpire who can make decisions on certain incidents with the aid of video evidence. The third umpire is mandatory under the playing conditions for Test and Limited Overs International matches played between two ICC full member countries.
These matches also have a match referee whose job is to ensure that play is within the Laws and the spirit of the game. The match details, including runs and dismissals, are recorded by two official scorers , one representing each team.
The scorers are directed by the hand signals of an umpire see image, right. For example, the umpire raises a forefinger to signal that the batsman is out has been dismissed ; he raises both arms above his head if the batsman has hit the ball for six runs.
The scorers are required by the Laws to record all runs scored, wickets taken and overs bowled; in practice, they also note significant amounts of additional data relating to the game.
A match's statistics are summarised on a scorecard. Prior to the popularisation of scorecards, most scoring was done by men sitting on vantage points cuttings notches on tally sticks and runs were originally called notches.
Pratt of Sevenoaks and soon came into general use. Besides observing the Laws, cricketers must respect the "Spirit of Cricket," which is the "Preamble to the Laws," first published in the code, and updated in , and now opens with this statement: .
The Preamble is a short statement that emphasises the "Positive behaviours that make cricket an exciting game that encourages leadership, friendship, and teamwork.
The major responsibility for ensuring fair play is placed firmly on the captains, but extends to all players, umpires, teachers, coaches, and parents involved.
The umpires are the sole judges of fair and unfair play. They are required under the Laws to intervene in case of dangerous or unfair play or in cases of unacceptable conduct by a player.
Previous versions of the Spirit identified actions that were deemed contrary for example, appealing knowing that the batsman is not out but all specifics are now covered in the Laws of Cricket, the relevant governing playing regulations and disciplinary codes, or left to the judgement of the umpires, captains, their clubs and governing bodies.
The terse expression of the Spirit of Cricket now avoids the diversity of cultural conventions that exist in the detail of sportsmanship — or its absence.
Women's cricket was first recorded in Surrey in It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in by representatives from England, Australia and South Africa, renamed the International Cricket Conference in and took up its current name in It also appoints the umpires and referees that officiate at all sanctioned Test matches, Limited Overs Internationals and Twenty20 Internationals.
Each member nation has a national cricket board which regulates cricket matches played in its country, selects the national squad, and organises home and away tours for the national team.
The table below lists the ICC full members and their national cricket boards: . Cricket is a multi-faceted sport with multiple formats that can effectively be divided into first-class cricket , limited overs cricket and, historically, single wicket cricket.
The highest standard is Test cricket always written with a capital "T" which is in effect the international version of first-class cricket and is restricted to teams representing the twelve countries that are full members of the ICC see above.
Although the term "Test match" was not coined until much later, Test cricket is deemed to have begun with two matches between Australia and England in the —77 Australian season ; since , most Test series between England and Australia have been played for a trophy known as The Ashes.
The term "first-class", in general usage, is applied to top-level domestic cricket. Test matches are played over five days and first-class over three to four days; in all of these matches, the teams are allotted two innings each and the draw is a valid result.
Limited overs cricket is always scheduled for completion in a single day, and the teams are allotted one innings each. There are two types: List A which normally allows fifty overs per team; and Twenty20 in which the teams have twenty overs each.
List A was introduced in England in the season as a knockout cup contested by the first-class county clubs. In , a national league competition was established.
The concept was gradually introduced to the other leading cricket countries and the first limited overs international was played in In , the first Cricket World Cup took place in England.
Twenty20 is a new variant of limited overs itself with the purpose being to complete the match within about three hours, usually in an evening session.
Hagley Oval, Christchurch. Fitzherbert Park, Palmerston North. Match abandoned without a ball bowled. Home Writers The Cricket Monthly.
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